Papers and reports

Below are some of the university papers written by students from Gotland University about different subjects conserning the history of Fröjel Port of Trade. Sorry to say, they are all in Swedish, but most of the time with a short summary in English.

Belt decorations from the Orient
An analysis of the Oriental belt decorations found at the Viking Age harbour at Fröjel, Gotland, Sweden. By Ingela Eriksson


This essay deals with the question of fittings of oriental origin found at the excavation of Fröjel harbour and trading place. Most of the areas excavated in Fröjel show signs of material of long distance. There are no doubts about that the fittings of oriental origin shows just how distant the trade routes reached during this period of time. The aim with this essay is to look into how these fittings have come to reach Gotland and whether they have continued to be imports or if they have been engaged in the local manufacturing.

The paper is in Swedish, with a short introduction in English.

Ben- och hornhantverket vid
Bottarve/Nymans i Fröjel Socken

by Emelie Lietha


The paper deals with the question of bone and antler handicraft at the harbour place at Fröjel. By the analyses, it is clear that it has been extensive handicraft at the site, including comb making and other kind of artefacts as dices, gaming pieces and needles.

The material consists of bone from deer and elk, but also ivory bone from walrus.

The paper is in Swedish with a short abstract in English.


Vikingarna, Fröjel och handelnEn studie av vikter, vågar och mynt från provundersökningar i Fröjel socken på Gotland
by Per Widerström

The paper is about the trade at the harbour at Fröjel, in the light of coins, scales and weights found at the excavations carried out between 1987 and 1990.

All together, some 50 coins, 5 weights and several pieces of scales, were found at the trading place. The paper is in Swedish with a short abstract in English.

Pärlor från det vikingatida Fröjel


Materialsammanställning och diskussion kring tillverkning, handel och proveniens
by Malin Crona

The essay deals with the beads from the Viking Age harbour at Fröjel, and from the excavation carried out between 1987 and 1990 and also from 1998. All the beads, from the settlement area as well as from the graves, are treated, all together some 400 beads. Some remarkable result from the study is that it is clear that rock crystal beads, as well as rock crystal lenses obviously have been made at Fröjel.

The paper is in Swedish with a short abstract in English.


Smycken från Bottarve/ Nymans i Fröjel
En analys av det framgrävda materialet i Fröjel hamn 1987-1990
by Mikael Fritz

The essay deals with all the different jewellery found at Fröjel during the excavation in 1987 to 1990. There were found several hundreds of artefacts, both in the form of brooches, finger rings etc., and also dress pins and other kind of artefacts. Most of them are made of bronze, but there are also some of silver and some gold plated.

The paper is in Swedish with a short abstract in English.

Bebyggelseutveckling och ödegårdar vid Bottarve/Nymans ägor i Fröjel socken 
by Pernilla Lindell


As a part of a landscape project, this essay deals with the harbour territory within Bottarve-Nymans estates of Fröjel parish, Gotland. The intention of the author is to see if there are any traces of old boundaries and deserted farms from the Middle Ages that can help to locate the harbour area in Fröjel.

The paper is in swedish with a short abstract in English.

Osteologisk analys

Gotland. Fröjel socken. Bottarve 1:11. Lärarbostaden. Maj 1998
by Carola Liebe-Harkort


At the harbour in Fröjel there are at least three different cemeteries. One of the cemeteries is an early Christian cemetery from around the year AD 1000. It is one of the earliest, and best preserved Christian churchyard on Gotland. In May 1998, an excavation was carried out of a part of the cemetery, situated in the kitchen garden of the school master. All together some 43 graves were investigated. All of the grown up persons were females. Besides the women there were also children. This report is an osteological investigation of the skeletons. The analyses includes, besides sex and age estimations, pathological changes and tooth status. The paper is in Swedish with a short abstracct in English.

Strandförskjutning och hamn i Fröjel socken, Gotland. Från 600-talet e. Kr. in i tidig medeltid
by Linda Lindberg


The purpose of this essay is to find out where the actual harbour was placed during Viking Age - Early Middle Ages. The essay is based mainly on results from practical work like phosphate mapping, field mapping and field survey. The conclusion drawn in the essay is that the settlement has been placed near the harbour, and continuously moved towards the northern part of the area, depending on the changes of the shoreline as a result of the land upraise. The paper is in Swedish with a short abstract in English.

 Responsible for the project associate professor

 Dan Carlsson

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